The idea of invention triggers the mind to picture an inventor in the laboratory, concocting genius ideologies, brilliance devices, designing and redesigning, and experimenting the ideas and concepts to work correctly. The value of the hard work of inventors has culminated at the point when the invention is presented or unveiled to the world to contribute significantly to changes and advancement in the world. The invention is born after numerous experimenting and redesigning which takes a significant period. The ten greatest inventions that gave birth to fundamental changes in the world are addressed in detail laying the foundation for such inventions. The inventions encompass:
1. The Plow
The invention based on the agricultural sector. In light with other types of inventions, the plow is the least exciting with various implications in the development and growth of humanity. The role of the plow is designed as a cutting tool that curves the furrows into the soil exposing important nutrients in readiness for planting. It is one of the greatest inventions that laid the foundation for other inventions in the world. The development of the plow is not tied to a specific inventor or group of inventors; it developed independently in different regions around the globe during the prehistoric period. The invention came at a time when people relied solely on hunting, gathering, or subsistence farming for their primary feeding and survival. The advancement in agriculture and growing food crops improved the stability in human life.
The invention of the Plows reduced the amount of effort and labor deployed in farming by making work easier and speed. The plow improved the living standards of people and changed their lifestyle due to the increased efficiency in farming and agricultural practices resulting in increased food production. The advancement in the design of the plow helped the people to harvest more than enough products and food, therefore contributing to trading activities among the communities as they exchanged the surplus food for other items. As demand to produce, store and trade in the agricultural goods led to the other inventions such as writing, numbering systems, military, and fortification which plays a significant role in the current society.
2. The Wheel
It is one of the greatest ancient inventions. The wheel was invented in 3500 BC with the objective of facilitating the transportation of agricultural and commercial goods to the market. It is part of the inventions that have far-reaching impact and a viral innovation since its invention to date. It falls in the transportation, commerce, and travel sectors in the global economy. The wheel was affixed on carts, chariots and facilitated the transportation and movement of products from place to place in the society. Because of the quality of the roads during the invention era, the wheel was limited in its use. However, with the advancement and development in the society, the wheel has diverse applications ranging from the clock to vehicles. In our current era, the wheel is used in different aspects encompassing the water wheels, clocks, engines, motor among other applications. The changes that came with the invention of the wheel are numerous including its contribution in other inventions.
This was the invention in the medical field deployed in vaccination and treatment of various ailments, thus; changing human lives significantly. The medicine Penicillin forms the family of antibiotic drugs derived from penicillin fungi. It was invented by Alexander Fleming in 1928, illuminating that if the penicillin plants are planted under the required substrate, it exudes the substance with the important anti-biotic qualities. The substance is purified by the chemists to produce the penicillin drugs deployed in eradicating bacterial infections in the human system with no side effects. The invention plays a significant role in the world in treating and fighting bacterial infections such as scarlet fever, skin, pneumonia, throat, and ear infections. Mass production of penicillin commenced in 1944 to improve human life on a global basis.
The paper invention was one of the greatest Chinese inventions developed during the Han dynasty in the 2nd century. Paper invention by the Chinese in 206BC-220 AD and it spread slowly to west through the silk road. The invention further spread to Europe and the idea led to mass production of papers using paper mills. The earliest materials that were used in place of paper such as parchment, palm leaves, papyrus, were expensive, costly and limited in supply necessitating the need to invent a cheaper source. The paper manufactured from rags, wood availed a cheaper alternative that can be produced anywhere in the world on a large scale to boost the industry. The role played by the paper industry encompass ensuring the continued operation of the printing press worldwide, maps, Books manufacturing to facilitate information transmission, and paper currency. The impact and changes instigated by the paper invention in the world are endless. The invention, for instance, directly or indirectly contributed to the invention of the printing press in the world.
5. The Compass
The compass was a necessary invention, especially in sea navigation. Before the invention of the compass, sailors and sea navigators, positioning, destinations, and direction were determined using landmarks sighting, celestial and positioning of stars in the sky. The Chinese are the genius and mastermind behind the invention of the compass during the 11th and 9th centuries. The initial compass of the Chinese was made from the lodestone which has natural magnetism properties employed in establishing bearing at sea. The ideas of magnetism literature and insight were derived from the work and writing of Wang Xu during the 4th century BC. The compass has significant contributions in the development in the world such as facilitating easy, faster, and certain navigation in the sea. The idea started in China and spread to the rest of the world including Europe. The invention made sea navigation around the world fast, easy, and safer and triggered the era of discovery in the sector.
The other greatest invention in the transportation sector is the invention of the engine. The engine relieved horses as the primary means of transportation of people and goods worldwide. The earliest development of the engine was marked by crank and connecting rod locomotive mechanism in the 3rd century AD as well as the Hierapolis sawmill in Asia Minor. Advancement in the engine is marked by the 1st steam engine designed and developed in the 18th century which was further advanced in the same century. This engine contributed significantly to societal development and the emergence of the industrial revolution in world history.
The Internal combustion engine was advance from the steam engines during the 19th century, and it triggered the 2nd industrial revolution and marked the industrial age. In the internal combustion engine, combustion of fuel produces a high-temperature gas which expands and exerts pressure on the piston causing movement. The engine invention increased the speed and efficiency in the transportation industry allowing people to travel long distances faster and economically. The invention of the internal combustion engine contributed to the invention and development of the machine that is used in the modern world such as aircraft, modern cars, trains, among other machines.
7. The Computer
The first invention of computers was mechanically designed and developed by Charles Babbage the English mechanical engineer and polymath in the 19th century. He invented the ideology of programmable computers and he is considered the “father of the computer” by developing the first mechanical computer in the 19th century. The concepts were deployed in advancing the computers of the modern age. The scientist Alan Turing aligned the principles used in modern computers in his seminal piece On Computable Numbers in 1936. The computer invention changed the way of life of people in the world, for instance, learning process, information storage, bookkeeping, digitalization among others.
The concept of refrigerators has been in play since pre-history era where ice was employed to preserve food. In the 1700s the concept was advanced and changed the food transportation industry and food stores. The concepts and ideas of refrigerators were widely known and used such that it is hard to single out a single inventor of refrigeration. For example, the design of vapor compression unit is attributed to Oliver Evans 1806, and Carl von Linde design of 1878 is seen as the foundation of the modern refrigerator in the globe. The concepts are further refined by inventors such as Albert Einstein targeting to improve the design of refrigerators. The invention improved and transformed the lifestyle of people in the world regarding eating habits. It enhanced the operations of food industries, breweries, and beverage manufactures by bettering the preservation, storage, and transportation of their products in the market globally.
The invention of electricity brought tremendous change in human life encompassing the shift in sleeping patterns, as well as working habits. Among the contributors in the invention of electricity include Ben Franklin, Michael Faraday, Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison, among others whose efforts and hard work brought power and light to the people. But it was until the 20th century that electricity actually become a necessity and a basic measure of the standard if human life.
Communication is a primary foundation of human socialization and interaction in the world. Various inventions have changed and significantly contributed towards the global communication systems in the current society. For one, the invention of the electric telegraphy in 1836 by Samuel Morse, the telephone as the first invention to transmit voice messages by Alexander Graham Bell (1876), the radio by Nikola Tesla and Guglielmo Marconi, in the 19th century. These and other inventions encompassing moving pictures, computers, and world wide web are among the changes in the communication sector that have transformed lives and made the world just like a small global village where socialization and interaction are easy, faster, and efficient.